Your hair is at risk: What is scalp fungus and how to treat it?

Thick hair is always associated with youth and health, but alopecia is a sign of aging. An exception – scalp fungus, it can spoil the luxurious hair, even a young young lady. It helps to remove it:

Itchy, burning, flaky skin, faded, brittle hair and baldness – that’s how scalp fungus makes itself known. It would be a big mistake to write off these symptoms to overdry skin, a warm hat, the wrong shampoo, and even more so – to look for a “unique” remedy on the Internet. Because only professionals who know the nature of the parasite, that is, the fungus, its habits and preferences, are able to solve the problem.
How can I pick up scalp fungus?
Mycosis, simply put scalp fungus, has many varieties. The most dangerous form – microsporiasis – often occurs in children, teenagers and young people with thin and sensitive skin. Not only is the infection hard to treat, it is also transmitted from person to person. The pathogens spread very quickly over the skin surface, often affecting large areas. The skin turns red, small blisters appear, intense itching occurs, and hair breaks off, leaving “stumps” no more than 4 cm in height. You can catch the infection from cats, dogs, sick children, as well as in hairdressers. Another dangerous form of this disease is trichophytosis. This fungus affects in most cases children under the age of 15 and people with a weakened immune system. A bout of trichophytosis usually leaves behind a sad spectacle: the hair quickly thinning and leaving bald spots in those places. “Both infections are caused by acutely contagious fungi, which are treated in the hospital for a month with antimycotics,” Elena Varfolomeeva reports. – It is simply necessary to examine all those with whom the patient was in domestic or sexual contact.”
A little about seborrheic dermatitis
Another unpleasant disease of the scalp – seborrheic dermatitis. Unlike microsporia and trichophytosis, it is the most common. Sebaceous glands in this disease intensely produce sebum, which too much free fatty acids, and this is excellent food for the parasitic fungus. In most cases, “grease buildup” begins in the teenage years and ends by age 25-27, but there are other causes of the problem. “The appearance of sebaceous plugs can be observed with changes in the hormonal background, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and nervous stress,” says Elena Varfolomeeva. – All these factors weaken our immune system, and then any pathogenic microflora can easily provoke a secretion of sebum. In its excess and with the accession of fungal infection on the scalp appear rashes (small pimples of white and red), plaques, pustules. The disease is accompanied by severe discomfort: itching, unbearable burning, unpleasant seborrheic odor from the scalp. Another cause of seborrheic dermatitis – our general love of folk recipes. Repeic, olive, argon, and castor oils for lush hair are now even fashionable. “However, these remedies are useful and harmless only for young children. Their sweat glands are not yet developed and there is no risk of clogging them with oils,” warns Elena Varfolomeeva.
How to recognize mycosis
At the slightest suspicion of scalp fungus, you should seek help from a dermatologist or trichologist. The consultation of these specialists is necessary, even if dandruff appeared. This, by the way, is one of the characteristic symptoms of fungal infection. With increased greasiness, the fungi responsible for exfoliating dead scalp particles are activated. As long as their numbers are normal, the exfoliation is imperceptible. When they proliferate, the result of their activity immediately settles on the shoulders of white dandruff. We begin to fight the unpleasant phenomenon in different ways, but the result is most often zero. Because the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis is a job for professionals.
Before treatment begins, you will have to undergo an examination to determine the cause of the disease. “A trichoscopy is mandatorily appointed. A specialist with a video camera takes pictures of the scalp, and then examines its condition using a special computer program and determines the cause. The examination under a Wood lamp is considered informative, – says Elena Varfolomeeva. – If the examination gives a positive result, it is necessary to make an additional bacteriological culture and take cultural tests.