Infection in the wound

We live in a world inhabited except for us – people, by almost countless living creatures, a huge part of which we do not see in ordinary life, and we know about which thanks to such prominent scientists as the Frenchman Louis Pasteur, who proved the theory of finding bacteria in the air around us, and the Englishman Joseph Lister, the founder of antiseptics and, a surgeon who first proposed a way to fight infection in a wound in 1867. And of course, the role of a technological breakthrough in the form of the invention of a microscope is great. This gave impetus to the development of microbiology, surgery, asepsis and antisepsis, hygiene and epidemiology, and reduced the frequency of complications of wound infection and mortality from it.

However, nature itself took care of man, helping him to resist pathogenic microbes, these small “harmful creatures” in the form of immunity, the ability to resist infection and foreign agents.

Getting into the wound, microorganisms experience a terrible attack of all components of the immune system. This is manifested in the inflammation reaction, and only if the body cannot cope with the infection, it progresses, suppuration (abscess, phlegmon) develops, and sometimes the infection spreads beyond the inflammation focus in the form of sepsis.

In order for the immune system to cope with the task, it is necessary to help it a little, namely, to reduce the number of “enemies” that have fallen into the wound, acting on them with substances that can destroy them, or prevent their growth and reproduction – antiseptics. The arsenal of the latter is now quite large and well known (hydrogen peroxide, alcohol solutions of iodine, brilliant green, Fukartsin, Dioxidine, Chlorhexidine, Miramistin). If the wound requires the attention of a doctor, it is better not to use coloring compositions until a visit to him, so as not to make it difficult to inspect the damage.

In order to prevent new advance detachments of microbes from breaking through our defenses, do not neglect such a simple remedy as applying a sterile dressing to a freshly received and treated wound, and the sooner you do all this, the sooner you will forget about the wound received, and avoid complications and encounters. with a surgeon.