Herpes on the lips (simple herpes)

What is simple herpes

Simple herpes, also known as a lip cold or herpes on the lip, is a common viral infection. This disease manifests itself in the form of tiny, filled with clear liquid bubbles on the red edging of the lips and the surrounding skin. These bubbles are usually grouped, and the lesion area is between a few millimeters to 2-3 centimeters in diameter.

Herpes on the lips (simple herpes). Information for patients

Once all the bubbles have burst, a crust is formed in their place. A few days before the appearance of the bubbles, and throughout the entire period of rash – herpes simple causes local pain. Herpes on the lips completely passes within two to four weeks, leaving no scars.

Herpes is transmitted from person to person in close contact, such as kissing. Normally, lip herpes (oral) is caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (VPH-1), but it can be caused by genital herpes (herpes simplex virus type 2, VPH-2). Both types of these viruses are able to affect both the mouth and the genital area and can spread through oral sex. Herpes is contagious even when there is no obvious rash on the skin.

There is no radical treatment for GHB infection, and episodes of painful vials return again and again. Anti-viral drugs can shorten the time of an attack and slightly reduce the frequency of relapse.

Herpes symptoms on the lips

Herpes on the lips (simple herpes). Information for patients

Herpes on the lips, as a rule, runs in several stages:

  • Tingling and itching. Many people feel itching, burning or tingling in the lip area, a few days before the rash in this place.
  • Bubble formation. Small bubbles filled with clear fluid tend to form at the border of the red lip border and the skin around the mouth. Herpes may also be localized near the nose, ears or cheeks.
  • Wetness and crusts. Small bubbles may drain off, then burst, leaving shallow open wounds from which liquid is oozing and then covered with crust.

Symptoms are different in the first case and subsequent relapses. The initial episode may last from a few days to one month before it heals completely. The relapses usually appear in the same place each time, and are usually not as severe as the first case.

During the first outbreak, some people are also observed:

  • Fever
  • Painful aphtae (ulcers) on the gums
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Muscle pains
  • Lymph node enlargement
  • Children under 5 years of age can tolerate herpes aphthous stomatitis.